Not a Newsletter: 03/10/18


Rather than gripe about the things that got on my nerves and made me angry this week, which has become the favorite intro during the short life of Not a Newsletter, I thought I’d try to tell a story instead.

Timehop is one of my favorite apps, providing a daily social media nostalgia trip. I often enjoy seeing photos I took on that day, links to tweets, or even links to articles I wrote years ago that sometimes seem as if they were written by someone else who was more talented.

But this photo from five years ago popped up this week:


Of all the junk currently cluttering my desk to plant my geek flag and reconnect with my inner child, my Ron Swanson bobblehead is probably my favorite. My niece, then two years old, often enjoyed looking at it (surely entranced by the mustache) and making that head bobble.

But five years ago, she accidentally knocked Ron off my desk, causing his head to snap off. I wasn’t mad. It was an accident caused by a two-year-old. It was just a goofy keepsake. I knew some Gorilla Glue would fix it.

Little did I know that my niece was upset. She didn’t show it by crying or anything like that, though she was surprised when the doll broke. Maybe she expected me to yell at her. But later in the day, she was laying on the floor watching TV and holding Ron’s headless body. Ron’s head was right next to her.

I had to chuckle, but it kind of broke my heart too. I had no idea she was so attached (unlike Ron’s head). Or maybe she just felt bad. Two days later, Ron was restored and she was happy (maybe relieved). Everyone’s been OK ever since.

It showed me how much of a soul this kid has. Five years later, that’s still absolutely true.

The Listening

Normally, this would be “The Watching,” but nothing really gripped me this week. So instead, I’ll just share this, which I also posted on Facebook).

Current ranking of stuff I need to watch/finish on Netflix:

1. Jessica Jones, season 2
2. Altered Carbon (4 more eps)
3. Chris Rock: Tambourine (only watched the first half)
4. Ugly Delicious
5. The Punisher (I know!)
6. Queer Eye

I wanted to embed the new A24 Podcast featuring a conversation between Greta Gerwig and Barry Jenkins, but haven’t figured out how to do so. That’s annoying because this was a big reason I switched to WordPress. Also, it made me late in posting this week’s Not a Newsletter.

** All the Way Home with Barry Jenkins and Greta Gerwig

It’s fun to listen to these two talk about filmmaking, especially when neither originally intended to be a director. How Gerwig came to that realization, in particular, is a story that you would expect to see in a Greta Gerwig movie.

Also, A24 is a stamp of quality in today’s movie landscape. If they made it, chances are it’s a good film — much like Miramax in the early 1990s. With Lady Bird, The Disaster Artist, The Florida Project, The Killing of a Sacred Deer and Good Time, A24 had a damn good 2017, making five of the year’s best movies.

The Reading


** Smart people can come off as awfully dumb when Silicon Valley types step outside their bubble, visit the Midwest, and act like they’re touring another country. (That probably goes for East Coast publications too.) Fortunately for them, those cities and states with far cheaper real estate and open space are all too eager for those entrepreneurs and businesses to move in. [New York Times]

** “We watch how you drive from home to the movies. We watch where you go afterwards.” I’m OK with MoviePass knowing I like late-night grocery shopping if I save money on tickets. [The Outline]

** Burger-flipping robots are our future. That means the rest of us will get the “real jobs,” right? [Washington Post]

** C’mon, man. I’m trying to be good, eating low-carb. Don’t take my bacon away. (Yeah, yeah, yeah — chicken and fish. I know.) [The Guardian]

** Marvel has changed the movie business, establishing a cinematic universe other studios have tried to repeat and creating a brand that seemingly can’t misfire. But what if Marvel sold all of its characters to Sony, which was on the table 20 years ago? (Unfortunately, this is behind a paywall, but I’ll send it to you if you’d really like to read it. ) [Wall Street Journal]

** Former major league pitcher and Detroit broadcaster Lary Sorenson has quite a story, and not in a good way. But after doing time in prison and losing just about everything, he appears to living clean now. It could’ve been a very ugly ending for him, so hopefully he’s on a far better path. [Detroit News]

** Is it better to brush before breakfast or after you eat? What about flossing before or after brushing? Information for life. [Lifehacker]

** Apple’s Air Pods were maybe the first product that I jumped on as an early adopter. Although short supply kept me from buying them right away. (I love ’em, by the way.) I probably wouldn’t have bought them if I wasn’t able to use an Apple gift card I earned from trading back my old iPhone. But maybe I should’ve waited for version 2.0? [Slate]

The Writing


Charles Barkley on SNL: “I’ve been saying whatever the hell I want for 30 years, and I’m doing great”
Alex Rodriguez looks smooth, all smiles in guest appearance on SNL with Charles Barkley
Charles Barkley gets to play Star Wars in SNL sketch that was cut for time

* U.S. women’s hockey star Hilary Knight visited new hockey fan Leslie Jones on SNL, and… created controversy?
Takeaways from the 2018 Oscars: No surprises, not Kobe, Kimmel appreciation, Queen Frances, move on from the flub

* Penny Hardaway? Memphis Tigers reportedly ready for splashy coaching move to replace Tubby Smith

* Who are the playoff favorites in the National League? It’s a trickier question than you think (Roundtable)
* What American network and sport pairing is the most natural and iconic? (Roundtable)

* Rian Johnson did indeed toss out J.J. Abrams’ story for The Last Jedi, according to Daisy Ridley

Not a Newsletter: 03/04/18


Hello from the mountains of North Carolina! Last week’s Not a Newsletter was a bit whiny, as I was hit with a surprise cold that had me feeling lousy and thinking burnout. I’m not sure that was totally accurate, but it’s on my mind and I put it out there. But plenty of us are working a lot and slogging through.

As I finish this up, the Oscars are hours away. It’s one of my favorite events of the year, though I don’t think that interest is shared among many friends, except for a close few. Yeah, the Oscars are self-important and probably silly. But for those of us who love movies, it’s the culmination of the past year. And maybe some of us like knowing we have good taste; our favorites were named “The Best”!

Due to feeling sick for a few days, it wasn’t the most productive writing week here at Casselbloggy HQ. That probably meant more reading. But I did manage to pound a few articles out, including a ranking of the 2018 Best Picture nominees.

Here’s what we have to show from the past seven days. Be excellent to each other.

Read This


** So Trump was having a bad day and because he was in a pissy mood, he decided to put tariffs on steel and aluminum. Yeah, that seems rational. [NBC News]

** Jordan Peele is only the fourth African American to be nominated for Best Director. Could he be the first to win that Oscar? The Hollywood Reporter gathered those four filmmakers for a roundtable discussion. [THR]

** I’ve been a Detroit Tigers fan all of my life (or since my adolescence when I first took an interest in sports). It’s astounding to me that I didn’t know who the public address announcer at Comerica Park is. His name is Bobb Vergiels, and he drives from Central Florida to Detroit 12 times a year for that job. [Detroit News, hat tip Mike McClary]

** My pooping habits are quite normal, thank you very much. [Men’s Health]

** Hope Hicks was always the most mysterious member of the Trump administration. Maybe we’ll find out how important she was, now that she’s resigning. The Mueller investigation might keep her pretty busy, however. [Vanity Fair]


** I’m late on this, but if there’s one piece to read on why Black Panther is resonating and seems far more important than a “superhero film,” Jelani Cobb’s is the one to check out. [The New Yorker]

** Sally Jenkins absolutely crushes the United States Olympic Committee for profiting off the backs of amateur athletes and provide little support in return. [Washington Post]

** The costume design in Black Panther might be the most impressive thing about its production, a huge reason why it doesn’t look like other movies of its kind. Personally, I’m still obsessed with Lip Plate Guy. [Vulture]

** Ta-Nehisi Coates announced this week that he’ll write Captain America for Marvel Comics. He’s been writing Black Panther for the past two years and one demonstration of his commitment was his reimagining of Wakanda as a nation beyond words and lines on a map. [The Verge]

Watched This

Just three films into his career, Ryan Coogler is a director at the top of his game. The success of Black Panther will allow him to do whatever he wants, which is tremendously exciting.

This Vanity Fair video (hat tip, Jay Rigdon) provided a fascinating look at all the work that goes into a scene and how much thought is put into virtually every detail. It’s kind of exhausting to think about, but this demonstrates just what makes Coogler such a special filmmaker. He’s already reached must-watch status.

Note to self: It’s time to go see Black Panther again.

Wrote This

* This Week in Trailers: Angry Jessica Jones, Tommy Wiseau and Greg Sestero return, and Danger, Will Robinson!

* Does Annihilation know what kind of movie it is? Let’s try to figure out its identity crisis

* Award-winning journalist Ta-Nehisi Coates will write Captain America comic book, in addition to Black Panther

Screen Shot 2018-03-02 at 10.28.35 PM

* Quentin Tarantino’s 1969 Los Angeles movie gets even more exciting with Brad Pitt, Leonardo DiCaprio

* John Moody, Fox News exec who wrote controversial “Darker, Gayer, Different” Olympics column, retires from network
Ranking the 2018 Best Picture Oscar nominees: Get Three Billboards Out of The Shape of Water

* This Week in Trailers: Michael B. Jordan burns books, Sensei Johnny, too many pancakes, Elvis searching

Not a Newsletter: 02/25/18


Hey, we’re back! I really need to get my weekends under control. Working too much (and the results don’t necessarily show below, which is its own frustration), and I’m on my way to reaching out and touching burnout again. And I’d been doing pretty well with setting boundaries and taking better care with my personal life.

All right, that’s starting to sound a little whiny. February felt much more like 2017 than young 2018. But I’ll get it back. Strength. Power. Chill.

I apologize in advance if that Adam Rippon GIF is driving you crazy. But I wanted to put a GIF in this post, man. And I thought the thing I wrote about Rippon this week would draw more interest, but I don’t think the audience for that post gives a shit about figure skating.

Lesson learned. Onward. Here’s how the past week went at Casselbloggy HQ.



* Figure skater Adam Rippon declines opportunity to be Olympic correspondent for NBC
* This Week in Trailers: Mr. Incredible Dad, Sock ‘Em robots, Earn and Paper Boi return

* Michael Rapaport sends Barstool Sports a cease and desist letter over the Rapaport clown t-shirt

* Donald Glover helped out on the Black Panther script, leading to a Thank You in the credits

* Kirk Herbstreit will replace Jon Gruden on ESPN’s NFL Draft coverage
* These are the MLB free agents we are most surprised to see unsigned (Roundtable)

* HBO releases full trailer for Paterno, starring Al Pacino as the disgraced Penn State coach

* Game Night uses all its pieces well, notably Rachel McAdams, for a twisty story full of laughs


Nearly every day, I get pulled into a YouTube rabbit hole while looking for clips and highlights I can put into posts. This past week, it was clips from the old Shazam! TV show that got me.

I remember watching reruns, but was so young that I couldn’t tell you anything about it other than there was Billy Batson with an old man, driving a RV across the country. And Captain Marvel always seemed to be in a field when he arrived.

So this clip is probably originally from like 1975 or 1976. But the message fits for 2018. (Although a character named Isis delivering the public service announcement is probably less than ideal.)



** Oh yeah, there are gonna be some Black Panther links here for the next few weeks. Gotta catch up with all these think pieces. And some of you are probably still getting around to seeing it. Here’s one taking Erik Killmonger’s side, which is why I think he’s such a great villain. [Shadow and Act]

** “You’re not going to make the team by being here at quarter-to-six in the morning.” MLB teams are placing a greater emphasis on sleep and recovery. (I feel like the NBA went down that path first, but could be wrong about that.)

But I always figured baseball players did their spring training work early so they could play golf in the afternoon. [Associated Press]

** There have also been plenty of pieces written on why Black Panther is so meaningful to audiences who hadn’t seen themselves represented in superhero blockbusters before. As Carvell Wallace says here, the future had often been speculated by white writers. But Black Panther is an example of that changing.

Though the piece doesn’t say this, I also think it’s great that Marvel has taken the opportunity its success has afforded to serve different audiences. [New York Times]

** No disrespect to Mike Tirico, who’s done a very good job. But I kind of missed Bob Costas at the Winter Olympics. However, it’s totally understandable if he didn’t want to relive his pink eye episode at the 2014 Sochi Games. Even my mother figured that’s why he didn’t go back, even if that’s not true. Here’s an oral history of that ordeal. [Vulture]

** Brendan Fraser is about to start his comeback, starring in FX’s Trust — a longer, Danny Boyle-directed version of the John Paul Getty kidnapping story that Ridley Scott told in All the Money in the World.

So where’s Fraser been? (He was up for the role of Superman years ago, and there were rumors that the contract for that kept him from being in other films, in case the movie got made. That’s not mentioned here, though not getting picked for Superman did have an effect on him.)

Part of the issue was doing all those Mummy films beat the hell out of him. He also went through a divorce. And he lost his mother. That’s a lot of shit to deal with, man. [GQ]

** How many of you saw Terrence Malick’s 2012 film, To the Wonder? (I haven’t; Malick is one of those filmmakers I always say I’ll catch up on. I did a better job of that in the days when Netflix was DVD-only.)

But the movie lives on with never-used footage of real people telling their stories, some of which were horribly sad, to Javier Bardem’s character, a priest. [New Yorker]

Not a Newsletter: 02/18/18


Once again, posting Not a Newsletter later (much later) than I wanted to. But it’s done, so I’m counting it as one of this week’s small victories during a week that felt like it didn’t have many. Yet I do have to consider myself fortunate for much of the stuff that’s linked below.

Hey, how was your week? You good?

Here’s what we have to show for the past week at Casselbloggy HQ:


Once in a while, I’d like to include a video I enjoyed here. Not like a meme or something that’s gone viral. You’ll probably already have seen those.

With Black Panther coming out and director Ryan Coogler doing press, this was an intriguing moment from an interview with Yahoo! Movies in which Sam Ashurst passed along admiration from Call Me By Your Name director Luca Guadagnino.

Coogler seemed genuinely flattered and then praised a contemporary’s work and showed what a fan of filmmaking he really is. With the success of Black Panther (my review is below), he should be able to make any kind of film he wants (maybe he was already there after Creed), which is really exciting to see with a great filmmaker.

Is it worth listing what I watched in a given week here? Probably not. A lot of stuff I watch is for work or something I want to write about, so that’ll be listed here anyway. My TV viewing has really hit a (self-imposed) wall in recent months, much to my frustration.

But I did watch Ben Affleck’s Daredevil for its 15th anniversary this week and saw Black Panther, of course. Links to those reviews are below. I hope to finish Altered Carbon this week. I also watched Chris Rock’s new Netflix special, which just didn’t crackle like his previous stand-up specials did. Hey, we’re all getting old and cranky.


Screen Shot 2018-02-18 at 7.59.38 PM

* Verizon streamed Super Bowl LII in virtual reality on a 5G connection, but only a few people saw it
* This Week in Trailers: Where’s Venom, Amy Schumer feels pretty, behind the scenes with Juventus

* Zack Snyder was reportedly fired from Justice League, which may be encouraging for DC Films and fans

* WEEI loses two sponsors in response to Christian Fauria using caricatured Asian accent on air
* LeBron James’ production company is developing a House Party remake

* Ben Affleck’s Daredevil hasn’t aged well 15 years later, but gets ripped more than it deserves

Charles Barkley recalls playing a game while drunk, trying to eat his way out of Sixers drafting him
* Cobra Kai’s teaser trailer doesn’t look like a comedy, which is surely part of the joke

* Jon Dorenbos, former Eagles long snapper, will have his life story turned into a movie, produced by Mike Tollin
* These are the storylines we’re watching during Spring Training (Roundtable)

* Black Panther is like no other Marvel film, and reaches a higher bar as a result: 5 takeaways
* Jamie Foxx did not like Michael Smith asking him about Katie Holmes on SportsCenter
* Ian Eagle called Saturday’s Syracuse-Miami game for CBS, while son Noah did the same for Syracuse’s WAER


** I never really thought of the cheesesteak scene as one of the best in Creed, but it does develop character and setting, which Robert Mays makes a good argument for here. [The Ringer]

** I went through a pretty long protein shake phase, yet it never included Muscle Milk. But you definitely see those bottles everywhere now. How did the company get to this point? [Eater]

** Is it fine for a white kid to dress up like Black Panther and play with those toys? It’s great, right? But should that kid also know why the character would be so important to black kids, especially because there are so few black superheroes? [New York Times]

** Katie Strang has been doing great work for The Athletic on the Larry Nassar case, and she rightfully skewers the Detroit Tigers for signing catcher Derek Norris without asking him about his suspension for domestic violence last year. This is behind a paywall, but I’ll email this article to you if you want to read it. [The Athletic]

** Years ago, while hanging out with my old boss, Kevin Kaduk of Yahoo’s Big League Stew, he asked me who my favorite current baseball player was. And it took me a while to answer. I didn’t feel like I watched the game that way anymore. Eventually, I said Ichiro Suzuki. Curtis Granderson would be on the list.

So would Alex Avila. But I couldn’t really tell you why, other than he made a huge impact when the Tigers first called him up. And I’ve always liked catchers. This season, he’ll be playing for the Arizona Diamondbacks. How catchers are viewed has changed in recent years, with an emphasis on pitch framing. Avila apparently has no use for defining his game that way. [Arizona Republic]

** Picking Black Panther’s standout isn’t an easy choice. But you wouldn’t be wrong with Michael B. Jordan, who’s now made three films with Ryan Coogler. Up next is Creed 2, and maybe a basketball series based in Detroit that he’s developing. [The Undefeated]

Not a Newsletter: 02/11/18


And we’re back! Two weeks in a row is kind of an achievement around here, if you’ve been unfortunate enough to be following me and my stop-and-start blogging for a while.

This week’s Not a Newsletter is a little bit late, as I worked more this weekend than planned (as you’ll see below). That also prevented me from watching as much of Altered Carbon as I wanted. OK, the Olympics took up some of that TV time too.

But I’ve been kind of sluggish all week after staying up all night to write after the Super Bowl. Nothing makes me feel older than how long it now takes to recover from pulling an all-nighter. Too old for that shit.

Pretty productive week in the Casselbloggy offices. Here’s what we have to show for it:

So It Was Written

* The 10 best Super Bowl LII commercials: It was a Tide ad, guac without chips and getting old

The 5 worst Super Bowl LII commercials: MLK sells trucks, Diet Coke dancing, things under beds
Super Bowl LII’s movie and TV trailers: Hello Han Solo, Mustache: Impossible, and more Avengers
5 takeaways from the new Solo: A Star Wars Story trailer (and some really cool posters)

* Amazon adds Conan the Barbarian series in effort to find its Game of Thrones

* Steven Soderbergh to direct film set during an NBA lockout, High Flying Bird
* 5 takeaways from the new Deadpool 2 trailer: Domino, mustache jokes and… X-Force?

* Kevin Hart interviews sports stars in ice tubs in new comedy series, Cold as Balls
* Pick your poison: Winter Olympics or Summer Olympics? (Roundtable)

* U.S. Olympic team enters Pyeongchang opening ceremonies to “Gangnam Style,” nodding to South Korea’s Psy
Trust the MLB projections? We don’t see eye to eye with all of PECOTA’s picks (Roundtable)
* New Detroit Lions coach Matt Patricia is a huge Star Wars fan

* WEEI suspends Christian Fauria for using stereotypical Asian accent to imitate Tom Brady’s agent, Don Yee
* Yu Darvish signs with Cubs, who take advantage of slow free agent market to add top starter
* No hard feelings? Blake Griffin doesn’t shake hands with former teammates in Pistons’ loss to Clippers

So It Was Read


** Woodward and Bernstein drawing parallels between the current White House administration and the Nixon administration they helped take down is a development that we probably could’ve predicted, right? [Washington Post]

** Being a professional football player, and one who played in the Super Bowl, would seem to lead to a lifetime of fame and prosperity. It doesn’t always work out that way, sometimes terribly so.  []

** Yeah, Bill Belichick lost the Super Bowl. He’s lost three of them, so maybe he’s not as dominant and above his peers as we may have thought. But I still enjoy reading about the methods that set him apart, such as his approach to the NFL Draft. [Yahoo Sports]

** Podcasts are yet another form of media that I fall behind on consuming. Part of that is because when discovering a podcast that you really enjoy, you bond with it and put everything else to the side for full attention. Maybe that’s why I often listen to shows I can listen to while doing other things, like sports and movie podcasts. [monkey see]

** Maybe the strangest story after last year’s Super Bowl was the theft of Tom Brady’s jersey. Apparently, he didn’t have to worry about that this year. Or security around Brady’s locker was really tight. []

** Hunter S. Thompson covering the Super Bowl? Only in the 1970s, man. Is there anything that could be an equivalent in 2018? (For that matter, would Rolling Stone send anyone to cover the big game now?) Maybe we’re all trying to be Thompson wannabes. [Rolling Stone]

** Of course, this week has to include a Matt Patricia story. He’s now officially the coach of the Detroit Lions! Here’s a story about him picking rocks. Really. (If you thought there was a romance about farming, this might kill it.) [Detroit Free Press]

Not a newsletter: 02/03/18


Hey, how are you? You doing well? Managed to avoid that flu going around, I hope? Well, you look good. Whatever you’ve been doing, it’s working.

It’s been a long time since I’ve written something that wasn’t at least a little bit work-related. I’ve been wanting to get back to that for a while. During that time, I’ve been sneaking out on Squarespace and flirting with WordPress — largely because it’s what I use for work, so I’m really familiar with it and it feels easier.

Part of me thinks I should keep using Squarespace, so I can be more versatile, still do some HTML, etc. Plus, I somehow managed to create more of a website there and not just a blog. Though I never devoted the time — or had the know-how — to take it where I wanted to go.

So I’m giving this a try to see how it goes. And I hope to write something — anything — at least once a week to keep the lights on and the cobwebs out. I know I’ve said that many, many times and if you’ve been friends with me or been following me for a while, you’re read that before. It’s a constant work in progress.


Anyway, I’m a fan of newsletters. I subscribe to far too many of them, which prevents me from getting anywhere close to Inbox Zero. Subscribing to newsletters, buying t-shirts and socks, and ordering coffee from different roasters around the country are my three vices. Or the vices I’m aware of. It could be worse, I tell myself.

I’d kind of like to do a newsletter. But really, they’re just emailed blog posts, right? And I keep saying I’d like to maintain a regular blog again. So this is my newsletter. Or blogsletter. Or a links post. Whatever. I intend to post it every Friday or Saturday. There will probably be Sundays.

Thank you for clicking over, and I hope something here was worth your time. I’ll see you next week — or sooner!



* I, Tonya is one of 2017’s best movies; our big takeaways from the film
* With Brewers’ outfield logjam, Ryan Braun offers to play first or second base

* Tom Brady cuts weekly interview with Kirk & Callahan short after remarks WEEI host made about his daughter
* Former ESPN anchor Jonathan Coachman returning to WWE, joining Raw broadcast team

* NBC is partnering with Complex and BuzzFeed to produce food-related digital shows before Super Bowl LII
* Wesley Snipes tried to make a Black Panther movie more than 20 years ago

* Thursday Night Football goes to Fox with reported five-year, $550 million per season deal
* Christian Bale is great in Hostiles, making a relentlessly bleak Western compelling

* Jason Pierre-Paul, Peyton Manning, Aqib Talib among latest NFL players reading Mean Tweets on Jimmy Kimmel Live
* Trade Machado? Avoid Hosmer? Sign some damn free agents? We’ve got free advice for MLB general managers (Roundtable)


** Blake Griffin now plays for the Detroit Pistons, a development I still haven’t fully comprehended. (And I hated the trade upon first hearing about it.) But it’s often fascinating to read how deals like this came together. []

** An often fascinating story in sports is the phenom who never became a star. Mark Appel was supposed to be the future ace of the Houston Astros. They went on to win the World Series, while Appel is ready for life beyond baseball. [Bleacher Report]


** I don’t know how many people are watching Waco on Paramount Network. (It’s the former Spike TV, if you knew what channel that was on your cable or satellite system.) But Taylor Kitsch is really good as cult leader David Koresh, which is discussed a little bit in this feature when the writer isn’t gushing over him. [GQ]

** When’s the last time you bought a CD at Best Buy? (Or bought a CD, for that matter?) By June 1, none of those stores will sell CDs anymore. [Consequence of Sound]

** With New England Patriots defensive coordinator Matt Patricia all but officially the Detroit Lions’ next head coach, I’ve been reading a lot about the guy. But I’ve always been curious about the Patriots and their coaching staff. I read this piece on Patricia’s coaching background even before he was connected to the Lions. [Sports Illustrated]

** And this one, which details what Patriots coach Bill Belichick puts his assistants through, even in the interview process. Low pay, lots of hours and lots of notepads. [MassLive]

** Yep, another article on Matt Patricia. As a Lions fan, I’m trying to temper expectations but remain hopeful. [Detroit Free Press]

** More Patriots, sort of. The best coach in the NFL and college football’s top coach are good friends, and here’s how that friendship developed. [Sports Illustrated]